How to Change Oil in a Car

CAR

Changing the oil in your car is an essential maintenance task that helps keep your engine running smoothly and efficiently. By regularly changing the oil, you can prevent engine wear and prolong the life of your vehicle. While it may seem like a daunting task, with the right tools and a little know-how, you can easily change the oil in your car at home. In this article, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of how to change the oil in a car.

Preparation

How to Change Oil in a Car

Gather Materials

Before you start changing the oil in your car, make sure you have all the necessary materials on hand. Here is a list of items you will need:

Materials
Oil
Oil filter
Oil filter wrench
Wrench for oil drain plug
Gloves
Drain pan

Follow Steps

Now that you have all the materials ready, follow these steps to change the oil in your car:

  1. Jack Up and Open: Lift the car using a jack and remove the undertray to access the oil pan and oil filter.
  2. Drain the Oil: Remove the drain plug and allow the oil to drain into a container.
  3. Remove the Filter: Loosen the oil filter and remove it to allow excess oil to drain.
  4. Replace the Plug and Filter: Tighten the drain plug and install the new oil filter.
  5. Fill the Oil: Remove the oil cap and add the specified amount of oil.
  6. Check the Level and Leaks: Check the oil level using the dipstick and start the engine to check for leaks.

Step 1: Jack Up and Open

How to Change Oil in a Car

Lift the Car

To begin changing the oil in your car, you will need to lift the vehicle using a jack. Make sure to place the jack under the designated jacking points on your car to avoid damaging the undercarriage. Once the car is securely lifted, you can proceed to the next step.

Remove the Undertray

After lifting the car, locate the undertray beneath the engine. Use a wrench to remove the bolts holding the undertray in place. Once the undertray is removed, you will have access to the oil pan and oil filter, making it easier to drain the old oil and replace the oil filter.

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Step 2: Drain the Oil

How to Change Oil in a Car

Remove the Drain Plug

Locate the oil drain plug underneath the car’s engine. Place a drain pan beneath the plug to catch the old oil. Using a wrench, carefully loosen the drain plug in a counterclockwise direction. Allow the oil to drain completely into the pan before proceeding to the next step.

Dispose of the Old Oil

Once all the old oil has been drained, securely tighten the drain plug back into place. Be careful not to over-tighten the plug, as this could cause damage to the oil pan. Dispose of the old oil properly by taking it to a recycling center or an auto parts store that accepts use oil for disposal.

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Step 3: Remove the Filter

Loosen the Oil Filter

Locate the oil filter, which is typically located near the oil pan. Use an oil filter wrench to loosen the oil filter in a counterclockwise direction. Be prepared for some oil to spill out when removing the filter, so make sure the drain pan is positioned to catch any excess oil.

Allow Excess Oil to Drain

Once the oil filter is loose, allow any excess oil to drain out before fully removing the filter. This will help prevent a mess and make it easier to install the new oil filter. Once the excess oil has drained, carefully remove the old oil filter and dispose of it properly.

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Step 4: Replace the Plug and Filter

Tighten the Drain Plug

After disposing of the old oil filter, securely tighten the drain plug back into place. Make sure it is snug to prevent any oil leaks once you refill the engine with fresh oil. Double-check the drain plug to ensure it is properly tightened before moving on to the next step.

Install the New Oil Filter

Before installing the new oil filter, apply a thin layer of fresh oil to the rubber gasket on the filter. This will help create a proper seal and prevent leaks. Carefully screw the new oil filter into place in a clockwise direction until it is snug. Avoid over-tightening the filter to prevent damage.

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Step 5: Fill the Oil

Add Fresh Oil

Remove the oil cap located on top of the engine and set it aside. Using a funnel, pour the specified amount of fresh oil into the engine. Refer to your car’s owner’s manual for the correct type and amount of oil needed. Once the oil has been added, securely replace the oil cap to prevent any spills.

Check the Oil Level

After adding the fresh oil, use the dipstick to check the oil level in the engine. Insert the dipstick fully, then remove it to see where the oil level falls. The oil level should be between the minimum and maximum marks on the dipstick. Add more oil if necessary to reach the optimal level for your engine.

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Step 6: Check the Level and Leaks

Verify Oil Level

Once you have added the fresh oil and replaced the oil cap, reinsert the dipstick and check the oil level one final time. Ensure that the oil level falls within the recommended range on the dipstick. Adding too much or too little oil can affect the performance of your engine.

Start the Engine

Start the car’s engine and let it run for a few minutes to allow the fresh oil to circulate throughout the engine. Listen for any unusual noises or vibrations that could indicate a problem. Additionally, check underneath the car for any signs of oil leaks that may require further attention.

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Conclusion

In conclusion, changing the oil in your car is a straightforward process that can be done at home with the right tools and knowledge. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can maintain your vehicle’s engine health and prolong its lifespan. Remember to dispose of the old oil properly and check for any leaks after completing the oil change. Regular oil changes are key to keeping your car running smoothly and efficiently.

Author

  • Christian Eriksen

    Christian Eriksen is a talented and passionate automotive expert. With a deep interest in vehicles and engines, he has become a reputable source of information in writing news about the auto industry. Christian is not only a talented journalist but also a car enthusiast, always infusing his passion into every line of news and articles. With patience and in-depth knowledge of new brands, models, and trends in the automotive industry, Christian Eriksen ensures that his readers are always provided with the latest and most accurate information. He has given the automotive enthusiast community a detailed look at the world of cars, and helped build a common understanding and passion for this field. With his enthusiasm and talent, Christian Eriksen has made an important contribution to promoting the development and progress of the automotive industry.