How to Change a Tire on a Car


Changing a tire on a car is a basic skill that every driver should know. Whether you’re on a road trip or just driving around town, knowing how to change a tire can save you time and money. In this article, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of changing a tire on your car. From gathering the necessary tools to safely removing and replacing the tire, we’ve got you covered.

1. Gather the Necessary Tools

How to Change a Tire on a Car

When it comes to changing a tire on your car, having the right tools is essential. Before you begin, make sure you have the following items on hand:

  • Spare tire
  • Jack
  • Lug wrench
  • Wheel wedges
  • Flashlight
  • Gloves Having these tools readily available will make the tire-changing process much smoother and safer.

Steps to Gather the Necessary Tools

  1. Start by locating the spare tire in your vehicle. It is typically located in the trunk or underneath the car.
  2. Next, locate the jack and lug wrench. These are usually stored near the spare tire.
  3. Check to ensure that the wheel wedges, flashlight, and gloves are also in your car’s emergency kit.

2. Prepare Your Vehicle

How to Change a Tire on a Car

Before you start changing the tire, there are a few steps you need to take to prepare your vehicle for the process. Follow these steps to ensure your safety and the efficiency of the tire change:

Steps to Prepare Your Vehicle

  1. Park your car on a flat, stable surface away from traffic. Turn on your hazard lights to alert other drivers.
  2. Apply the parking brake to prevent the car from rolling while you work on changing the tire.
  3. Place the wheel wedges behind the tires opposite the one you are changing to prevent the car from moving.

3. Remove the Flat Tire

How to Change a Tire on a Car

Now that you have gathered the necessary tools and prepared your vehicle, it’s time to remove the flat tire. Follow these steps to safely remove the flat tire from your car:

Steps to Remove the Flat Tire

  1. Loosen the lug nuts on the flat tire using the lug wrench. Do not remove them completely, just loosen them.
  2. Place the jack under the car’s jacking point and raise the vehicle until the flat tire is off the ground.
  3. Finish removing the lug nuts and carefully take off the flat tire.
Lug Nut Tightening Torque
1 50 ft-lbs
2 75 ft-lbs
3 100 ft-lbs

4. Install the Spare Tire

With the flat tire removed, it’s time to install the spare tire. Follow these steps to safely install the spare tire on your car:

Steps to Install the Spare Tire

  1. Align the spare tire with the wheel studs and gently slide it onto the hub.
  2. Hand-tighten the lug nuts onto the wheel studs to secure the spare tire in place.
  3. Lower the car back down with the jack and remove the jack from under the vehicle.

5. Secure the Spare Tire

Once the spare tire is installed, it’s important to secure it properly to ensure your safety while driving. Follow these steps to secure the spare tire on your car:

Steps to Secure the Spare Tire

  1. Use the lug wrench to tighten the lug nuts in a crisscross pattern to ensure even tightening.
  2. Lower the car completely to the ground and remove the jack from under the vehicle.
  3. Double-check the lug nuts to ensure they are tightened securely before driving.

6. Stow Away the Tools

After successfully changing the tire on your car, it’s important to stow away the tools properly for future use. Follow these steps to organize and store the tools:

Steps to Stow Away the Tools

  1. Clean any dirt or debris off the tools before storing them back in your car.
  2. Place the lug wrench, jack, and wheel wedges back in their designated storage areas.
  3. Store the gloves, flashlight, and spare tire in their respective locations for easy access in case of another emergency.


In conclusion, knowing how to change a tire on your car is a valuable skill that every driver should possess. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can confidently tackle a flat tire situation and get back on the road in no time. Remember to gather the necessary tools, prepare your vehicle, remove the flat tire, install the spare tire, secure the spare tire, and stow away the tools properly. With practice and preparation, changing a tire on your car will become second nature, ensuring a safe and smooth driving experience.


  • Christian Eriksen

    Christian Eriksen is a talented and passionate automotive expert. With a deep interest in vehicles and engines, he has become a reputable source of information in writing news about the auto industry. Christian is not only a talented journalist but also a car enthusiast, always infusing his passion into every line of news and articles. With patience and in-depth knowledge of new brands, models, and trends in the automotive industry, Christian Eriksen ensures that his readers are always provided with the latest and most accurate information. He has given the automotive enthusiast community a detailed look at the world of cars, and helped build a common understanding and passion for this field. With his enthusiasm and talent, Christian Eriksen has made an important contribution to promoting the development and progress of the automotive industry.